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Glance to Stare: Violence Against Women in Numbers. By anngie

August 24, 2010

All of the issues mentioned below are worthy of more attention than this short page. They are worthy of our daily outrage, our daily frustration, and most of all our action. Sex and gender based violence effects everyone, men, women, queers, and children. One in three, 50 percent, 22 percent, 140 million. These numbers are staggering, unbelievable, and by their very nature difficult to imagine. As you read to consider who are the three women that are most important to you, who are the first five people you met at school, who might you know (and who will you never meet) with experiences like those of the men, women, and children below.

-One out of every three women in the world has been beaten, coerced into sex, or otherwise abused in her lifetime.1

-Worldwide, one in five women will become a victim of rape or attempted rape in her lifetime.2 Someone is raped in the U.S. every two minutes (the time it takes you to read this article).3

-In some countries (Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Peru, and Tanzania) more than 50 percent of women are abused by intimate partners4, with numbers in the United States around 22 percent of women.5

-While data is hard to gather, estimates say 500,000 to two million people are trafficked into human slavery each year.6 The majority of victims are women and children. Western Europe, Asia, and Northern America are the most common destination countries7, with some 50,000 people trafficked into the U.S. every year, most for commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) in New York, California, Texas, and Las Vegas.8

-Around 100 to 140 million girls and women in the world are living with the consequences of female genital mutilation, most carried out before they were 15, and 92 million of which were carried out before the age of 10.9

-Hate crime statistics are rarely if ever gathered for crimes directed against transgender people, but some sources indicate a trans woman’s chances of being the victim of a hate crime are as high as 1 in 12.10 The Transgender Day of Remembrance tracks reported homicides against transgender people and estimates 15 reported murders a year for being trans.11

-The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have estimated that the annual cost of lost productivity due to domestic violence in the U.S. equals $727.8 million, with more than 7.9 million paid workdays lost each year.12 Lost productivity translates into economic vulnerability (job insecurity, limited independence, poverty) to an already disadvantaged group.

-College women are at higher risk for sexual assault than non-college bound peers. Just over 3 percent of all college women become victims of rape in a 9-month academic year. At a university the size of the University of Southern California (16,000 undergraduates and 17,000 graduate students), that would mean 1650 women are raped each year. Less than 5 percent of college campus rapes are reported.13

1 General Assembly. In-Depth Study on All Forms of Violence against Women: Report of the Secretary General, 2006. A/61/122/Add.1. 6 July 2006. Accessed unifem.org 08/17/10

2  Referred to by María José Alcalá. State of World Population 2005. The Promise of Equality: Gender Equity, Reproductive Health and the Millennium Development Goals. UNFPA. 2005. 65. Accessed unifem.org 08/17/10

3  U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, National Crime Victimization Survey, Criminal Victimization, 2005.

4  García-Moreno et al. 2005. WHO Multi-country Study on Women’s Health and Domestic Violence against Women. Initial results on prevalence, health outcomes and women’s responses, Geneva: WHO.

5  Krug et al. 2002. World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva: WHO. 90-91

7  Referred to by General Assembly. In-Depth Study on All Forms of Violence against Women: Report of the Secretary-General, 2006. A/61/122/Add.1. 6 July 2006. 43

8  McCabe, Kimberly. Sex trafficking: A Global Perspective. Lexington Books. 2010. “Sex Trafficking in the United States.” P 147.

9  World Health Organization. “Female Genital Mutilation.” Fact sheet N°241. February 2010. Accessed who.int. 08/17/10

10  Harvey Milk Institute

11  Based on the FBI’s “Uniform Crimes Reports, Crime in the United States 2008.” Accessed HRC.ORG 08/17/10

12  “Costs of Intimate Partner Violence Against Women in the United States, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2003.”

13  “Sexual Assault on Campus: What Colleges and Universities Are Doing About It.” U.S. epartment of Justie Office of Justice Programs. http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/205521.pdf

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